Dictionary Danish-German




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Sononic Notation

Fundamentals

For sound transcription the sonic notation is used. It reflects sound-distinctive features and in some cases deviates significantly from the IPA.

Vowels

  • In comparison to IPA the signs ʌ, , ɵ, ʉ, ɨ, ɤ are used differently, ɑ, ɒ, ɜ, ɞ, ɐ are interpreted differently.
  • All signs of IPA not listed here hold no relevance and are omitted.

Clear vowels

clear back dull high [a] belLanguage
Belarusian
: так [tak] 🔈
deuLanguage
German
: lahm [laːm]
broad [ʌ] engLanguage
English
: cat [kʌt]
finLanguage
Finnish
: leipä [ˈlɛɪ.pʌ]
sharp high [o] deuLanguage
German
: Hof [hoːf]
norLanguage
Norwegian
: språk [sproːk]
broad [u] deuLanguage
German
: Mut [muːt]
engLanguage
English
: boot [buːt]
front dull high [e] deuLanguage
German
: Beet [beːt]
slvLanguage
Slovene
: jezik [ˈjeː.zik]
broad [i] catLanguage
Catalan
: figa [ˈfiː.ga]
deuLanguage
German
: Lied [liːt]
sharp high [ø] deuLanguage
German
: Öse [ˈʔøː.zə]
sweLanguage
Swedish
: lördag [ˈløːr.dɑːɡ]
broad [y] deuLanguage
German
: süß [zyːs]
turLanguage
Turkish
: gün [gyn]

Pale vowels

pale back dull high [ᴀ] deuLanguage
German
: Ast [ʔᴀst]
engLanguage
English
: bye [bᴀɪ]
broad [ə] deuLanguage
German
: Käse [ˈkeː.zə] 🔈
sqiLanguage
Albanian
: [zə]
sharp high [ɔ] deuLanguage
German
: ob [ʔɔp]
estLanguage
Estonian
: kroom [krɔːm]
broad [ʊ] deuLanguage
German
: Butter [ˈbʊ.tɐ] 🔈
ltzLanguage
Luxembourgish
: Sprooch [ʃpʀʊːx]
front dull high [ɛ] deuLanguage
German
: nett [nɛt]
srpLanguage
Serbian
: хлеб [xɫɛb] 🔈
broad [ɪ] cesLanguage
Czech
: již [jɪʒ]
deuLanguage
German
: mit [mɪt] 🔈
sharp high [ɵ] deuLanguage
German
: östlich [ˈʔɵst.lɪç]
norLanguage
Norwegian
: pølse [ˈpɵl.sɛ]
broad [ʏ] deuLanguage
German
: Hütte [ˈhʏ.tə]
islLanguage
Icelandic
: ostur [ˈʔɔs.tʏr] 🔈

Dark vowels

dark back dull high [ɑ] deuLanguage
German
: Harn [hɑʕn]
engLanguage
English
: barn [bɑːn]
broad [ɐ] danLanguage
Danish
: være [vɛːɐ] 🔈
deuLanguage
German
: Tier [tiːɐ]
sharp high [ɒ] deuLanguage
German
: Born [bɒʕn]
engLanguage
English
: saw [sɒː]
broad [ʉ] danLanguage
Danish
: slurk [slʉʕk]
deuLanguage
German
: Durst [dʉʕst] 🔈
front dull high [ɜ] deuLanguage
German
: Bern [bɜʕn]
engLanguage
English
: butter [ˈba.tɜ]
broad [ɨ] deuLanguage
German
: Wirt [vɨʕt]
engLanguage
English
: smirk [smɨːk]
sharp high [ɞ] deuLanguage
German
: Örtchen [ˈʔɞʕt.çn̩]
engLanguage
English
: learn [lɞːn]
broad [ɤ] danLanguage
Danish
: tyrk [tɤʕk]
deuLanguage
German
: türmen [ˈtɤʕ.mn̩]

Nasal vowels

nasal back dull [ᴀ̃] fraLanguage
French
: ansette [ʔᴀ̃ˈsɛt]
hinLanguage
Hindi
: चाँद cā̃d [tʃᴀ̃ːd]
sharp [ɔ̃] fraLanguage
French
: annonce [ʔaˈnɔ̃ːs]
polLanguage
Polish
: nocą [ˈnɔ.tsɔ̃]
front dull [ɛ̃] fraLanguage
French
: insanité [ˌʔɛ̃saniˈteː]
polLanguage
Polish
: mężatka [mɛ̃ˈʐat.ka]
sharp [ɵ̃] fraLanguage
French
: lundi [lɵ̃ˈdi]

Diphtongs

diphtong steady a-based [ᴀʊ] deuLanguage
German
: Pauke [ˈpᴀʊ.kə]
estLanguage
Estonian
: laupäev [ˈlᴀʊ.pʌ.ɛv]
[ᴀɪ] deuLanguage
German
: Mai [mᴀɪ]
finLanguage
Finnish
: aika [ˈʔᴀɪ.ka]
ə-based [əʊ] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
Great Britain
: home [həʊm]
[əɪ] estLanguage
Estonian
: päike [ˈpəɪ.kɛ]
o-based [ɔʊ] engLanguage
English
USAArea of use: Region
America
: home [hɔʊm]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: dòu [dɔʊ˥˩]
[ɔɪ] deuLanguage
German
: Heu [hɔɪ]
mkdLanguage
Macedonian
: војна [ˈvɔɪ.na]
u-based [ʊɪ] deuLanguage
German
: pfui [pfʊɪ]
porLanguage
Portuguese
: muito [ˈmʊɪ.tɔ]
e-based [ɛʊ] mltLanguage
Maltese
: mewt [mɛʊt]
spaLanguage
Spanish
: Europa [ʔɛʊˈrɔ.pa]
[ɛɪ] deuLanguage
German
: hey [hɛɪ]
sweLanguage
Swedish
: nej [nɛɪ] 🔈
ø-based [ɵɪ] nldLanguage
Dutch
: neus [nɵɪs]
sweLanguage
Swedish
: färöiska [ˈfɛː.rɵɪs.ka]
y-based [ʏɪ] rusLanguage
Russian
: мы [mʏɪ]
belLanguage
Belarusian
: бык [bʏɪk]
front-heavy u-based [uːə] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
Great Britain
: tour [tuːə]
gleLanguage
Irish
: suas [suːəs]
e-based [ɛːə] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
Great Britain
: air [ʔɛːə]
i-based [iːə] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
Great Britain
: near [niːə]
gleLanguage
Irish
: bliain [bʲʎiːəɲ]

Consonants

  • In comparison to IPA the signs r, ɹ, ʀ, ʁ, ɽ, ɻ, ɾ are used differently, j, ɼ are interpreted differently.
  • All signs of IPA not listed here hold no relevance and are omitted.
  • In contrast to the IPA practice, ʔ is always written before vowels, even in the initial sound of a word, if it corresponds to the language standard.

Nasals

nasal bilabial [m] deuLanguage
German
: Meer [meːɐ]
hrvLanguage
Croatian
: maslac [ˈmaːs.ɫats] 🔈
alveolar [n] deuLanguage
German
: Nase [ˈnaː.zə]
litLanguage
Lithuanian
: namas [ˈna.məs]
retroflex [ɳ] hinLanguage
Hindi
: ठंडा ṭhaṇḍā [ˈʈʰəɳ.ɖɑː]
nepLanguage
Nepali
: अण्डा aṇḍā [ˈʔaɳ.ɖɑ]
palatal [ɲ] belLanguage
Belarusian
: неба [ˈɲe.ba]
rusLanguage
Russian
: нет [ɲet] 🔈
velar [ŋ] deuLanguage
German
: Gang [gᴀŋ]
vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: ngàn [ŋaːn˨˩]

Plosives

plosive bilabial fortis [p] deuLanguage
German
: Park [pɑːk]
porLanguage
Portuguese
: pão [paʊŋ] 🔈
lenis [b] danLanguage
Danish
: brød [bʀɵð]
deuLanguage
German
: Buch [buːx] 🔈
alveolar fortis [t] deuLanguage
German
: Tisch [tɪʃ]
ellLanguage
Greek
: τυρί [tiˈriː]
lenis [d] deuLanguage
German
: Dose [ˈdoː.zə]
engLanguage
English
: disk [dɪsk]
retroflex fortis [ʈ] hinLanguage
Hindi
: टमाटर ṭamāṭar [ʈəˈmaː.ʈər]
nepLanguage
Nepali
: टोली ṭolī [ˈʈoː.liː]
lenis [ɖ] somLanguage
Somali
: dhul [ɖul]
urdLanguage
Urdu
: ڈَنْڈا ḍanḍā [ɖənˈɖa]
palatal fortis [c] gleLanguage
Irish
: teach [cax]
hunLanguage
Hungarian
: tyúk [cuːk]
lenis [ɟ] gleLanguage
Irish
: dia [ɟiːə]
hunLanguage
Hungarian
: gyom [ɟɔm]
velar fortis [k] deuLanguage
German
: kalt [kᴀlt]
turLanguage
Turkish
: kasım [kaˈsəm]
lenis [g] deuLanguage
German
: Gold [gɔlt]
mkdLanguage
Macedonian
: град [grat]
uvular fortis [q] araLanguage
Arabic
: قَلَم qalam [ˈqa.lam] 🔈
tgkLanguage
Tajik
: қошуқ [ˈqɔ.ʃuk]
lenis [ɢ] pesLanguage
Persian
: غار ġār [ɢɒːr]
glottal fortis [ʔ] deuLanguage
German
: Esche [ˈʔɛ.ʃə]
itaLanguage
Italian
: uno [ˈʔuː.nɔ] 🔈

Fricatives

fricative labiodental fortis [f] bosLanguage
Bosnian
: flaša [ˈfɫa.ʃa]
deuLanguage
German
: Fuß [fuːs]
lenis [v] deuLanguage
German
: Wald [vᴀlt]
norLanguage
Norwegian
: vegg [vɛg]
dental fortis [θ] islLanguage
Icelandic
: þú [θuː]
spaLanguage
Spanish
: ciudad [θjuˈðað]
lenis [ð] spaLanguage
Spanish
: dedo [ˈdɛ.ðɔ]
sqiLanguage
Albanian
: dhomë [ðɔm]
alveolar fortis [s] deuLanguage
German
: Smaragd [smᴀˈʀᴀkt]
litLanguage
Lithuanian
: sausis [ˈsaʊ.sɪs]
lenis [z] deuLanguage
German
: See [zeː]
lavLanguage
Latvian
: zivs [zivs] 🔈
postalveolar fortis [ʃ] deuLanguage
German
: Schiff [ʃɪf]
srpLanguage
Serbian
: шест [ʃɛːst]
lenis [ʒ] bosLanguage
Bosnian
: žena [ˈʒɛː.na]
deuLanguage
German
: Journal [ʒʉʕˈnaːl]
retroflex fortis [ʂ] urdLanguage
Urdu
: کشٹ kaṣṭ [kəʂʈ]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: shān [ʂan˥]
lenis [ʐ] polLanguage
Polish
: żaba [ˈʐa.ba]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: rén [ʐɛn˧˥]
prepalatal fortis [ɕ] polLanguage
Polish
: świerk [ɕfjɛrk]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: 西 [ɕiː˥]
lenis [ʑ] jpnLanguage
Japanese
: 時期 jiki [ˈdʑi.kʲi]
polLanguage
Polish
: źle [ʑlɛ]
palatal fortis [ç] deuLanguage
German
: Chemie [çɛˈmiː]
islLanguage
Icelandic
: hjól [çɔʊl]
lenis [j] deuLanguage
German
: ja [jaː] 🔈
ltzLanguage
Luxembourgish
: jonk [jɔŋk]
velar fortis [x] deuLanguage
German
: Bach [bᴀx]
ukrLanguage
Ukrainian
: хустка [ˈxust.ka]
lenis [ʀ] deuLanguage
German
: rot [ʀoːt] 🔈
hebLanguage
Hebrew
: רֹאשׁ roʾš [ʀɔʃ]
uvular fortis [ħ] araLanguage
Arabic
: حَالْ ḥāl [ħaːl]
somLanguage
Somali
: xood [ħoːd]
lenis [ʕ] araLanguage
Arabic
: عَقْرَبْ ʿaqrab [ˈʕaq.rab]
deuLanguage
German
: Hort [hɒʕt]
glottal fortis [h] deuLanguage
German
: Hut [huːt]
katLanguage
Georgian
: ჰავა hava [ˈha.va]

Approximants

approximant bilabial [w] engLanguage
English
: war [wɒː]
swaLanguage
Swahili
: mwanafunzi [mwa.naˌfun.zi]
alveolar [ɾ] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
Great Britain
: red [ɾɛd]
myaLanguage
Burmese
: တိရစ္ဆာန် təreiʻsan [ˈtə.ɾɛɪʔ.sʰan]
retroflex [ɽ] engLanguage
English
USAArea of use: Region
America
: red [ɽɛd]

Laterals

lateral alveolar [l] deuLanguage
German
: List [lɪst]
nldLanguage
Dutch
: lief [lif]
postalveolar [ɫ] bulLanguage
Bulgarian
: лоза [ˈɫɔ.za]
engLanguage
English
: well [wɛɫ]
retroflex [ɭ] korLanguage
Korean
: sol [soɭ]
palatal [ʎ] hrvLanguage
Croatian
: ljeto [ˈʎɛ.tɔ]
slkLanguage
Slovak
: ľúbiť [ˈʎuː.bic]

Percussives

percussive alveolar pulsative [r] bulLanguage
Bulgarian
: резе [ˈrɛ.zɛ]
ronLanguage
Romanian
: rest [rɛst]
retroflex pulsative [ɻ] benLanguage
Bengali
: গাড়ি gaṛi [ˈɡa.ɻi]
hinLanguage
Hindi
: बड़ा baṛā [bəˈɻa]
palatal pulsative [ɼ] cesLanguage
Czech
: řeka [ˈɼɛ.ka]
vibrant [ɹ] slkLanguage
Slovak
: prst [pɹ̩st]
spaLanguage
Spanish
: rata [ˈɹa.ta]
uvular vibrant [ʁ] hyeLanguage
Armenian
: տղա tġa [dəˈʁɑ]
swaLanguage
Swahili
: ghali [ˈʁaː.li]

Additional signs

Modificators

diacritic voiceless [ ̥ ][ ̊ ] deuLanguage
German
(synophone): Brache [ˈb̥ʀaː.xə]
voiced [ ̬ ][ ̌ ] deuLanguage
German
(synophone): Brache [ˈb̬ʀaː.xə]
nasalised [˜] fraLanguage
French
: arranger [ʔaˈʀᴀ̃ˈʒe]
polLanguage
Polish
: sprężarka [sprɛ̃ˈʐar.ka]
postpositive long [ː] catLanguage
Catalan
: jove [ˈʒoː.bə]
itaLanguage
Italian
: pane [ˈpaː.nɛ]
aspirated [ʰ] deuLanguage
German
: kahl [kʰaːl]
hinLanguage
Hindi
: थका thakā [ˈtʰa.kaː]
palatalised [ʲ] gleLanguage
Irish
: géag [gʲeːg]
rusLanguage
Russian
: мясо [ˈmʲa.sa]
uvularised [ˁ] araLanguage
Arabic
: طَالِبْ ṭālib [ˈtˤaː.lib]

Separators

Carrier syllabic [ ̍ ][ ̩ ] deuLanguage
German
: reden [ˈʀeː.dn̩]
slvLanguage
Slovene
: vrh [vɹ̩x]
syllable unstressed [.] deuLanguage
German
: koordinieren [koː.ɔʕ.diːˈniː.ʀn̩]
ronLanguage
Romanian
: persoană [pɛr.sɔˈaː.nə]
primarily stressed [ˈ] deuLanguage
German
: Sonne [ˈzɔ.nə]
ellLanguage
Greek
: τεχνικός [tɛx.niˈkɔs]
secondarily stressed [ˌ] estLanguage
Estonian
: vanaisa [ˈva.naˌi.sa]
finLanguage
Finnish
: sukunimi [ˈsu.kuˌni.mi]
word separat [ ] engLanguage
English
USAArea of use: Region
America
: not at all [nad ʔɛd ʔɒːl]
spaLanguage
Spanish
: la mano [la ˈma.nɔ]
syllabic [_] engLanguage
English
GBRArea of use: Region
America
: not at all [nɔt_ɛˈt‿ɒːl]
araLanguage
Arabic
: ٱَلْبَيْتْ ʹal-bait [ʔᴀl_ˈbᴀɪt]
intrasyllabic [‿]

Tonals

tonal very high [˥] vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: chính [cɨn˦˥]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: [maː˥]
high [˦] vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: kẽm [kɛm˦ʔ˥]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: běi [bɛɪ˨˩˦]
medium [˧] vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: ba [baː˧]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: niáng [njaŋ˧˥]
low [˨] vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: gạch [ʀajk˧˨ʔ]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: zhǔ [ʒuː˨˩˦]
very low [˩] vieLanguage
Vietnamese
: tàu [taw˨˩]
zhoLanguage
Chinese
: [mɔː˥˩]


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Status
  • Revision status: Full entryFull entry
    lemma and translation with complete characterisation; lemma with inflection, sononics, audio, definition, etymology and collocation; verified.
  • Lemmata in Danish: 19162
  • Translation articles: 19162
  • Lemmata in German: 999819
  • Translation articles: 20013
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